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VISSA ORIGINAL ARTIKLAR PUBLICERADE I INTERNATIONELLA TIDSKRIFTER

Emdad, R., Alipour, A., Hagberg, J., Jensen, I. B. (2013). Comment on “Can observations of workplace bullying really make you depressed? A response to Emdad et al. 2013” by Nielsen and Einarsen. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health

Emdad, R., Alipour, A., Hagberg, J., Jensen, I. B. (2012). The impact of bystanding to workplace bullying on symptoms of depression among women and men in industry in Sweden: an empirical and theoretical longitudinal study. Int Arch Occup Environ Health, Published online

Emdad, R., Bonekamp, D., Söndergaard, HP., Björklund, T., Agartz, I., Ingvar, M., Theorell, T. (2006). Morphometric and Psychometric Comparisons between non-Substance-Abusing Patients with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Normal Controls. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 75(2):122-132.

Emdad, R., Söndergaard, HP., Theorell, T. (2005). Impairments in short term memory, and figure logic in PTSD patients compared to healthy controls with the same ethnic background, Stress and Health 21: 33-44.

Emdad, R., Söndergaard, HP. (2005). Impaired Memory and General Intelligence Related to Severity and Duration of Patients’ Disease in Type A Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), Behavioral Medicine, 31 (2): 73-84.

Emdad, R., Söndergaard, HP., Theorell, T. (2005). Learning Problems Impaired Short Term Memory, and General Intelligence in Relation to Severity and Duration of Disease in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Patients. Stress, Trauma, and Crisis: An International Journal, 8: 25-43.

Emdad, R., Söndergaard, HP., Agartz, I., Theorell, T. (2004). Cardiovascular Reactivity in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Patients Undergoing Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Stress, Trauma, and Crisis: An International Journal, 7: 243-255.

Emdad, R., Söndergaard, HP. (2005). Visuoconstructional ability in PTSD patients compared to a control group with the same ethnic background Stress and Health, 22: 35- 43.

Emdad, R., Söndergaard, HP. (2006). General intelligence and Short-term Memory Impairments in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Patients. Journal of Mental Health, April; 15(2): 1-13.

Emdad R., Belkic K., Theorell T., Cizinsky S., Savic C., Olsson K. (1998). Psychophysiologic sensitization to headlight glare among professional drivers with and without cardiovascular disease. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology. 3: 147-160.

Emdad R., Belkic K., Theorell T., Cizinsky S. (1998). What prevents professional drivers from following physicians’ cardiologic advice? Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics. 67: 226-240.

Emdad R. (1998). Electrocortical signs of arousal in response to darkness and the assessment of Type A behavior in professional drivers with and without cardiovascular disease. Integrative Physiological and Behavioral Science. 33:9-30.

Emdad R., Belkic K., Theorell T., Cizinsky S., Savic C., Olsson K. (1997). Work environment, neurophysiologic and psychophysiologic models among professional drivers with and without cardiovascular disease: Seeking an integrative neurocardiologic approach. Stress Medicine. 13: 7-21.

Emdad R., Belkic K., Theorell T., Savic C. (1997). Cardiovascular Dysfunction Related to Threat, Avoidance, and vigilant work: Application of Event-related potentials and Critique. Integrative Physiological and Behavioral Science. 32: 202-219.

Emdad R., Belkic K., Theorell T., Wennberg A., Hagman M., Johansson L., Savic, C., Cizinsky, S. (1996). Electrocortical responses to ecologically relevant visual stimuli among professional drivers with and without cardiovascular disease. Integrative Physiological and Behavioral Science. 31: 96-111.

Emdad, R. (2005). Comparison of the “instability of pyramids of stress (IPS),” the “Job Strain (JS),” and the “Effort-reward Imbalance (ERI)" models: Assessing occupational health and work environment stressors in dentists and cleaners. Central European Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Vol.11.No.1.33- 71.

Belkic K., Emdad R., Theorell T. (1998). Occupational profile and cardiac risk: Possible mechanisms and implication for professional drivers. International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health. 11: 37-57.

Theorell T, Emdad R, Arnetz B, Weingarten AM. (2001). Employee effects of an educational program for managers at an insurance company. Psychosom Med, 63(5):724-733.

Psykoterapi, bruken av psykologiske metoder i behandling av psykiske lidelser og problemer. Målet er at klienten skal oppnå en endring i retning av økt livskvalitet, eller bedret psykisk helse.

Hva som regnes som endring, varierer med alvorlighetsgrad av problemene, funksjonsnivå ved behandlingsstart og de konkrete målene for terapien.

Mål for endring kan være bedring av symptomer, økt arbeidsevne, selvtillit og livsglede, bedre kontakt med andre mennesker og tilpasning, eller bedring av kroppslig velvære og livskvalitet.

Psykoterapeutiske virkemidler har vært anvendt fra de tidligste tider. Eksempler er tempelsøvn, håndspålegging, magi og åndemaning.

Den moderne psykoterapi startet med psykoanalysen, som blant annet hadde sitt utspring i hypnotismen.

Det er siden 1900-tallet utviklet flere psykoterapeutiske retninger og teknikker. De bygger delvis på psykologiske teorier, delvis på klinisk erfaring, og delvis på forskning.

Et grunnleggende skille i bruk av virkemidler går mellom ren samtaleterapi og ren atferdsterapi, det vil si om man kun anvender samtalen som virkemiddel, eller om man også øver inn alternativ atferd.

Enkelte vil hevde at kun den rene samtaleterapi fortjener betegnelsen «psykoterapi». I moderne psykoterapi er imidlertid skillet mellom samtaleterapi og atferdsterapi mer eller mindre utvisket, da mange terapeuter anvender begge teknikker når dette synes tjenlig for å nå de terapeutiske mål.

Man har funnet at uansett teknikk eller teoretisk tilnærming må visse forutsetninger være oppfylt for at terapien skal være virksom:

  • Forholdet mellom terapeut og klient må være preget av trygghet, åpenhet og aksept
  • terapeuten må rette oppmerksomheten mot og anerkjenne tegn på bedring og endring
  • klienten må få opplevelsen av å få utvidet forståelse av og innsikt i egne problemer gjennom terapien.

Disse faktorene bidrar til å gi klienten håp og tro på endring.

Psykoterapi kan foregå med ulik hyppighet, og over kortere eller lengre tid. Ved klassisk psykoanalyse møtes terapeut og klient flere timer i uken gjennom flere år.

I andre terapiformer, som atferdsterapi eller kognitiv terapi, inngår man gjerne en avtale om et totalt timeantall, for eksempel 10 timer. Støtteterapi kan gå over mange år med lange opphold mellom timene. Rådgivning er oftest begrenset til noen få samtaler.

Hyppigheten antas å innvirke på intensiteten i det psykoterapeutiske arbeidet. Hyppighet og varighet av psykoterapi avhenger av problemets art.

Ved et avgrenset problem, som en fobi, bør man kunne forvente betydelig bedring etter 8–10 sesjoner med kognitiv atferdsterapi. Ved depresjoner vil lengden av terapien avhenge av depresjonens dybde, av eventuelle tilleggsproblemer, og av hvorvidt det er nødvendig med kombinasjonsbehandling med antidepressiv medisin.

Ved personlighetsforstyrrelser kan det være nødvendig med lang tids behandling. Det er delte meninger om psykoterapi i det hele tatt har effekt ved de mest alvorlige formene for personlighetsforstyrrelser, som paranoid og narsissistisk personlighetsforstyrrelse.

Mildere personlighetsforstyrrelser som avhengig og unnvikende personlighetsforstyrrelse kan imidlertid ha god hjelp av psykoterapi.

Ved psykotiske tilstander har psykoterapi liten dokumentert effekt alene, men anvendes gjerne som støtteterapi i kombinasjon med medikamentell behandling, miljøterapi og psykoedukative tiltak.

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I used hydrocortisone for maybe a day and didn’t see much improvement although the larger spot would change between pink and white- I was depressed, couldn’t sleep, convinced I had a genital wart.

2 days ago, I went to a 3rd dermatologist and said, “I’m pretty sure you’re going to tell me I have a genital wart.” They inspected the area with a magnifying glass, and said, I don’t think it’s a wart, I think it’s psoriasis. They gave me some px level hydrocortisone and yeast creams and said let’s try this for 1-2 weeks. In 2 days it does seemed to have help the biggest spot some, but it’s still bright red. The smaller spots seem less and less visible, but I can still see them.

1. if this condition doesn’t respond to these creams, does it mean this isn’t psoriasis?
2. I’ve read many of you have pain associated with psoriasis…I don’t have any pain, could this still be psoriasis?
3. Is it possible to just have this smallest area of my body affected by psoriasis and to have it no where else?

I’m so worried and sleepless. Thanks for reading, any insights are appreciated.

Hey how are you making out Aaron? For me I find exposure to sunshine and keeping the area always coated with the original Vaseline helpful. And to use any soap in that area only when you really need to.

But here are my novice answers to your questions.

1. Yes, it is possibly that it is psoriasis even though that particular creme did not take it away.

2. Yes it still could be psoriasis. I’ve been dealing with psoriasis in that area for a year and a half and the first 6 months were very painful and some days i dont feel it at all. So it’s different for everyone as well. Some people may never feel much irritation. I just add mine is affection the sensitive area so that would not help my reason for the irritation.

3. Yes it is possible to have one small area affected. The one main fact about psoriasis i found is that everyone’s psoriasis has a mind of it’s own. There is no rules when it comes to psoriasis so to speak. And it is possible that you may have just the only psoriasis spots at the moment. And it is also possible that may only be the psoriasis spots you’ll ever get. Everyone will have a different story.

This is a great blog. Thanks to the due that made it!!

Also you may want to check out this website:
https://www.inspire.com/groups/talk-psoriasis/
It has a lot of great info in all the forum blogs created. It’s best to make an account so you can search all the forum information.

So after months of depression over psoriasis of the penis and in a moment of desperation after itching from hell. It was so dried up and I’d tried all the prescribed creams under the sun and nothing had worked! It was itching like mad and I decided it needed moisturiser so after raiding tge bathroom cabinet I came across Lacura Caviar day cream. I put a splodge on the itchiest, dryest,scariest part of my penis head and the soothing was like nothing I’d ever experienced before. It was a revelation is this the magic cure. I put a thick layer over the head and infected shaft and that was it. No itch, the swelling went down, redness went and the skin seemed thicker after months of thinning lotion abuse! 12 hours gone and it feels great! It works. Hope this helps someone else. Gonna keep re applying for a week or so then reckon that’s it! CURED!

Hi there, I have psoriasis on both my elbows, on one of my knee caps and on my junk. I’m 33 and I have had it for a long long time on my penis and elbows. Just recently got it on my knee. For my elbows and knee I usually have it under control unless I don’t put any cream on it. It’s never ever has fully gone away. I’ve always had it. If I don’t put cream on it or some kind of psiorasis cream my elbows and knee get super white. They aren’t big spots but the plaque psiorasis is bad without up to two daily treatments. As for my junk, any type of sex and my junk gets red. Last night I had sex about 5-6 times and today my psiorasis is bad. Couple spots on my head and my entire area from circumsision is red and looks super thin and even has some really tiny thin cuts? From the aggressive sex. I have tried a cannabis cream and it has worked well on my elbows and knee but I need something good for my junk. The one I’m using now I think works good. I don’t masterbate much cause every time I do it flares up but with this cream I always tend to see new skin growing? It sometimes comes off when applying ointment but it seems when it’s dry it’s healing. I really don’t know. Help

Sup psoriasis brothas? 1st off, wtf is thinning of the penis skin? Now I’m worried cuz I been using steroid cream for a couple years now, and it never clears my condition, but keeps it at bay I guess. The penis is the only place that I get psoriasis currently, although it never actually goes away, just seems to look lighter in color on some days. Usually in the morning it’s pinkish, but after applying steroid cream it starts to glow a nice bright red, wtf? I’ve tried prednisone, and it takes it away, but the dr won’t give me anymore, yet is recommending humara, or something similar. So basically, if I want to rid my junk of embarrassing red spots than I have to risk heart failure, cancer and infections, which are all side affects of these medications that they want to sell? Cmon, prednisone is like 5$ for a month, humara is thousands a month. Are the doctors helping us or pharmaceutical. Anyways, good comments and info from all, rock on psoriasis from anotha motha.

Is this stuff still working? I was looking for it on Amazon and there was different types and all. If it is still working can you give some details
Thanks,
Merlin

Can’t find the Lacura brand caviar day cream. Any hints on where to find it?

Found it for around £10 on ebay.

Aldi (Ireland) are selling it for €8.99. | Lacura Caviar illumination Day Care SPF 15 | Works Wonders on affected areas. Especially down there.

Thanks for posting this, I bought some and it actually worked.

This is a GD nightmare!! It literally just appeared today on the head of my Penis. I have Psoriasis on my Brows, Scap, neck, chin, and Forehead bad. Had it since last Summer. Creams, Antibiotics, and Prednisone really don’t work. I never knew you could get it on your Junk. It’s mostly on my Head. Thank you for writing this Blog. Very informative responses too.

Thank you for this blog it is very helpful and releasing to know there is more people with this problem! Since 2 – 3 years ago I started getting gutatte psoriasis flare ups which sometimes affect my willy.

After trying many things I discovered that washing the head of it just with water instead of using soap helps a lot, mostly preventing it to flare up.

When I see that it appears I put hydrocortisone 1% on it asap, once a day for 3 -4 days (I used to use it for a week but then I read about skin thinning and I got pretty scared) and it usually works. Plus I always try to not use it more than once every two months. Also stop playing with it and having sex for 3 – 4 days really helps. But as sometimes that can be quite difficult to achieve washing it with warm water after ejaculation and dry it very well afterwards works quite well for me.

Lastly if you have the chance of going on holidays somewhere sunny go to a nudist area as sun really makes miracles on your friend down there (specially on his head!). Just remember to use sunscreen, don’t want your kit to burn!

I tried about every kind of cream and ointments. The one i found that works very well is “The Fay Farm Healing Hemp Salve” specifically formulated for eczema and psoriasis. Discovered it on a business trip to Seattle Washington. They are out of the Seattle area, but you can buy online also. Great Stuff, highly recommended. Matt 60

Hey all – I have inverse genital psoriasis. I have tried everything under the sun on it. Tea Tree oil, coconut oil, hydrocortisone, steroid creams, etc. I’ve been getting the Xtracs laser treatment for at least four months and no major changes. I have huge flare ups and it even bleeds and crust over. My Xtracs technician thought it could be infected most recently. It is very painful and embarrassing when you are trying to be intimate. I’ve been using the condom idea also (filling it up with ointment). Any thoughts? Anyone else used the Xtracs laser and had any luck? Anybody have any luck with anything working.?

So I’ve had psoriasis since I was 5. The flare on the inner thighs and penis happens every winter. Painful to walk. I do three things that bring the pain down fast.
1. After shower I dry area well
2. I mix my doxonex (I use generic one), mix it with gold bond psoriasis cream, apply. Wait like 5 min.
3. I put baby powder all over very liberally on inner thighs.on the penis,.
After about 4 days, it’s not clear, but much better.
I’m 32.

Hi! Great Article.
Recently have this P. Its damn painful, Ill tell you.I felt burning and itching sensation after I musterbate. The wife is somewhat in doubt, several times accusing me of infidelity. But after a consultation with a doctor, the diagnose pointed to P. To stop the irritated areas the doctor gave some antibiotics since the skin were so swollen and bleeding caused by daily mustarbation. Tried some petroleum jelly and ointments but it didn’t work. Desperate of my condition, I went to our local pharmacy and asked for some medication, thanks to the Madame who gave me MOMETASONE FUROATE ELICA 1 mg/g Cream, 2 applications completely reliefs me. Wow.

Have suffered with P for about 8 years now. So far it has been pretty stable with a fairly large patch on my head and small patches in my eye brows and on the sides of my nose. Recently though, on a morning after having fairly rough penetration with my girlfriend, I noticed it had flared up, just on the tip. This was over 3 weeks ago now and unfortunately, I didn’t really see it as a huge issue (I thought it was just friction burns, as my GF is fairly tight down there [no other way of saying it!]), and we continued to have sex. This was a mistake as over the past few days it has become very itchy and worse then ever. My penis almost looks a different color, sad looking!

After reading all these comments, I am going to try and tackle it via my diet and general cleanliness. I will also abstain from having sex and masturbating, unless trying the mastorbatory lube method!

Note: I have read that guys who get this also have patches on the face. Anyone have experience of this?

So again this year in early November my penile psoriasis flared up again mostly just small red patches on the head and base. I continued to sparingly use protopic and it is doing wonders. But another trick I have learnerd since my last post is. When I get out of the shower I put some vaseline on the affected area. As well as any other infected areas on my body. Not sure why it works but it does and it is a great alternative to the ever greasy and horrible stains that you get from creams such as dovenex. So ya that’s what’s working for me!

one thing i have been trying and its working so far is to not use soap on my penis. i just wash it in the shower with water.

I stumbled across this blog in July 2016 when I was diagnosed with psoriasis on my scalp, eyelids and junk. I have wiped it out.

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Hélène Stolt, leg. psykoterapeut och socionom, erbjuder professionell hjälp med psykoterapi. Psykoterapimottagning finns i Västerås, Örebro, Enköping och Stockholm. Hos oss kan du få kognitiv psykoterapi, systemisk psykoterapi, familjeterapi och utbildningsterapi.

Vi har vårdavtal med landstingen i Uppsala, Örebro och Dalarna för landstingsfinansierad psykoterapi hos privata vårdgivare. Högkostnadsskydd gäller (frikort).

Vi kan också erbjuda psykoterapi till anhöriga och i vissa fall kan psykoterapi ske via privat sjukförsäkring, hemförsäkring och trygghetsrådet. Vi har dokumenterade rutiner för kvalitetssäkring av verksamheten.

Vad är psykoterapi?

Psykoterapi är en samtalsbehandling, systematisk och målinriktad, i form av regelbundna samtal hos utbildad psykoterapeut. Forskning har visat att psykoterapi ger påfallande goda resultat även om mängden forskningsstudier är mycket olika för olika typer av psykoterapi. Yrkestiteln psykoterapeut är skyddad i lag och får endast användas av legitimerade psykoterapeuter. Legitimationen är en slags garanti att psykoterapeuten är väl utbildad och arbetar på väl beprövat sätt.

Du träffar mig, Helene Stolt, leg. psykoterapeut och socionom, regelbundet. Vi arbetar tillsammans med det som är problematiskt och smärtsamt för dig. Psykoterapi är ett sätt för dig att ta reda på hur du fungerar som person och vad du behöver utveckla hos dig själv, för att vara tillfreds med ditt liv. Psykoterapin kan hjälpa dig att se mönster, hitta dina resurser och ge dig nya verktyg. En målsättning är att bättre förstå vad som styr dina nuvarande val och för att öka dina möjligheter att göra andra val i framtiden. Psykoterapi kan bedrivas enskilt, i grupp eller med par och familjer.

Som leg. psykoterapeut arbetar jag med utgångspunkt från arbetsmetoder som är kliniskt väl beprövade och evidensbaserade, vilket ligger till grund för socialstyrelsens riktlinjer för kliniskt behandlingsarbete. Mitt synsätt präglas av kognitiv beteendeterapi/KBT (tanke - känsla - handling/ beteendemönster) och systemisk relationell psykoterapi (familjeterapi). Psykoterapi omfattas av sekretess och tystnadsplikt.

Boka tid för psykoterapi

Psykoterapimottagning finns i Västerås, Örebro, Enköping och Stockholm. Boka tid före besök. Privatpersoner subventioneras för att kostnaden inte ska bli ett stort hinder för att söka hjälp. En session är 45 minuter. Psykoterapi är undantagen skatteplikt vilket innebär att moms inte kommer att debiteras. Kontakta oss för prisuppgift.

Vi har vårdavtal med landstingen Region Uppsala, Region Örebro län, Region Uppsala och Landstinget Dalarna för landstingsfinansierad psykoterapi hos privata vårdgivare. Högkostnadsskydd gäller (frikort). Kontakta oss för mer information.

Psykoterapi hvad er Psykoterapi?
Psykoterapi er en behandlingsform som består af tilbagevendende samtaler hos en uddannet psykoterapeut. Et terapi forløb kan strække sig fra et par uger til flere år. Psykoterapi bygger på slags samarbejdskontrakt mellem terapeuten og klienten. Ikke alene er klientens livssituation omdrejningspunktet for terapien, formålet med psykoterapi er også at klienten selv løser sine problemer og udfordringer gennem selverkendelse.

Psykoterapi er en videnskabeligt baseret psykologisk behandlingsmetode. Oprindeligt blev den udviklet omkring århundredeskiftet - som psykoanalyse - af Sigmund Freud. Siden blev psykoanalysen videreudviklet af mange andre psykoterapeuter.

De overordnede psykoterapeutiske retninger er de: psykoanalytiske, psykodynamiske, eksistentialistiske, humanistiske, systemiske, strukturelle, kognitive, og den adfærdsterapeutiske.

Dertil kommer de videre moderne forgreninger indenfor de psykoterapeutiske retninger: kropsterapien, oplevelsesorienteret terapi, den jungianske analyse, familieterapien. For ikke at nævne; drømmeanalysen, gestaltterapien, tegneterapien, hypnoterapien, åndedrætsterapien, fobitræningen, samlivsterapien, sexterapien, musikterapien, transaktionsanalysen.

Psykoterapi kan du benytte som individuel klient, til parterapi, til at deltage i gruppeterapi, eller til at gå i familieterapi hvor familiemedlemmer også kan deltage.

Psykoterapi kan hjælpe mange mennesker. Fx hvis du ønsker at hjælp til personlig udvikling, eller slet og ret til til at komme videre i dit liv. Man kan fx være i en krise (skilsmisse, en traumatisk krisesituation, sorg) og har brug for hjælp. Men også hvis man lider af angst, søvnløshed, fobier, tristhed, følelsen af isolation, psykosomatiske symptomer, spiseproblemer, følger efter incest m.m.

Det er også hvis der er problemer på dit arbejde eller hvis der er problemer i parforholdet - måske havner du tit i de selvsamme konflikter, eller problemer i dit sexliv eller problemer med opdragelsen af børnene.

Forudsætningen at terapi bliver et vellykket forløb er at det selvom det kan være smertefuldt, er parathedene tilat betro sine intime forhold til psykoterapeuten.

Psykoterapi er ikke en "lykkepille" og psykoterapi er ej heller evig lykke. Derimod kan psykoterapi hjælpe dig med at få en større bevidsthed om dig selv, dine reaktionsmønstre og dine måder til at være sammen med andre på. Du vil dermed blive bedre til at handle mere hensigtsmæssigt i dit liv. Psykoterapi kan dermed hjælpe dig til en større tilfredshed med dig selv og dit liv.

Men du får intet forærende hos terapeuten. Indsatsen skal komme fra dig selv - og nogle gange kan det være hårdt arbejde at gå i terapi.

For dig der ikke har erfaring med psykoterapi er her en oversigt over de forskellige "psyko-begreber".

En psykoterapeut er en person, der bruger psykoterapi som behandlingsmetode. Hvis psykoterapeuten er medlem af en Psykoterapeut Forening skulle der være garanti for at psykoterapeuten oven i sin grunduddannelse har en grundig psykoterapeutisk efteruddannelse omfattende egenterapi, supervision og teori.

En psykiater er en læge med specialistuddannelse i psykiatri (behandling af psykisk syge). En psykiater kan ordinere medicin. Flere og flere psykiatere tager en psykoterapeutisk efteruddannelse.

En psykolog = en cand. psych. har en universitetsuddannelse i psykologi. Det er hovedsageligt en teoretisk uddannelse, der ikke inkluderer uddannelse som psykoterapeut. Mange, men ikke alle, psykologer efteruddanner sig i psykoterapi.

En psykoanalytiker er en psykoterapeut, der efter sin psykoterapeutuddannelse praktiserer en bestemt form for psykoterapi, nemlig psykoanalyse. Psykoanalytikere kan som andre psykoterapeuter have forskellige grunduddannelser.

Psykoterapi har lige siden 30'erne været udøvet af flere forskellige faggrupper.

I det offentlige, dvs. på behandlingssteder eller hospitaler, hvor man tilbyder psykoterapeutisk behandling, arbejdes der som regel tværfagligt, dvs. læger, psykologer, socialrådgivere, fysio- og ergoterapeuter og sygeplejersker er trænet i psykoterapi.

Det samme er tilfældet i privat praksis, men her er viften af grunduddannelser bredere.

Alle kan i princippet kalde sig Psykoterapeut, da der i Danmark desværre ikke er regulering af psykoterapeuter. Derfor kan hvem som helst for så vidt kalde sig psykoterapeut. Det betyder, at personer helt uden eller med en utilstrækkelig psykoterapeutisk uddannelse kan nedsætte sig som psykoterapeut.

Vil du sikre dig at du vælger en psykoterapeut der har opnået medlemskab af en Psykoterapeut Forening, kan du spørge psykoterapeuten om det eller ved at se at vedkommende skriver at han/hun er medlem af en Psykoterapeut Forening.

Der er ingen faste normer for uddannelsen som psykoterapeut.

En Psykoterapeut Forening opstiller altid kriterier, der skal være opfyldt for at blive medlem. Det kunnne fx være følgende:

Alle foreningens medlemmer skal have en grunduddannelse, der er relevant for en psykoterapeut, dvs. at den skal have en "mellemmenneskelig" karakter, fx. fra social- og sundhedsområdet. Det vil typisk sige læge, socialrådgiver, ergoterapeut eller fysioterapeut, psykolog eller sygeplejerske. En uddannelse som præst eller indenfor uddannelsesområdet kan også være relevant. Grunduddannelsen skal være mindst 3-årig.

Derudover skal alle medlemmer have en psykoterapeutisk efteruddannelse, som indeholder både teori, egenterapi og supervision. Den psykoterapeutiske efteruddannelse skal være mindst 4-årig.

Endelig skal man i nogle tilfælde have flere års praktisk erfaring som psykoterapeut bag sig, før man kan blive ordinært medlem af en Psykoterapeut Forening.

Der findes i Danmark en del forskellige private uddannelsesinstitutioner og -grupper.

Der eksisterer endnu ikke officielle kvalitetskrav til eller autorisation af uddannelsessteder, men ifølge nogle Psykoterapeut Foreninger bør lederne og de vigtigste lærerkræfter selv have psykoterapeutisk uddannelse, der mindst svarer til kriterierne for deres medlemskab af en Psykoterapeut Forening. Desuden bør det være et krav til uddannelsesstederne, at de både inden begyndelsen af en længerevarende terapeutuddannelse, undervejs og ved afslutningen vurderer individuelt om den studerende er egnet som psykoterapeut.

generisk cefadroxil and alcohol